What is Baby Eczema?
Once your baby’s smooth and silky starts to develop red, itchy and dry patches, the blame always goes to Eczema. Also known as atopic dermatitis, Eczema usually appears around two to six months, affecting almost 20% of toddlers and infants.
How does Baby Eczema Look like
It usually come as red, dry and pimply skin which may pop anywhere on your baby’s body. This happens often on their scalp, forehead, cheeks, and even on their arm and leg’s joint. There are instances that it’s easily mistaken as cradle skin, another skin condition which causes red and scaly rashes to babies.
Its appearance change as the baby gets older.
Is baby Eczema Normal for babies?
Definitely no. Kids with baby Eczema indicate that they have sensitive and dry skin. It can also implies that they are suffering from food allergy like sensitivity to eggs or milks. If you suspect that your child has it, call a dependable healthcare team immediately.
What Causes Baby Eczema?
There is no definite answer on this as nothing can prove what causes infant Eczema. This could be an immune system reaction triggered by some specific cream, detergents, soaps, or allergies. On one hand, it could be due to heat, stress, or sweat. Genes can be put into blame too.
Symptoms That Your Baby Has Eczema
Its symptoms include red rashes which makes your baby’s skin itchy and scaly. Rashes may also have tiny bumps that may weep or emit fluid. Scratching due to itchiness might cause any lots of changes on your skin.
Moreover, itch could be severe enough to hinder with your daily life, causing irritability and tiredness. Usually, Eczema goes through stages of being severe to less severe. Then, it becomes worse again.
Top 10 Baby Eczema Treatments
1. Prevent From Applying Topical Irritants
There are daily products as well as natural substances, which may cause skin to burn and itch, or gets red and dry. In fact, you’ve been using these products in your home or in your body – from bubble bath, laundry detergent, dish soap to surface cleaners, disinfectants, and body wash.
With that, you need to avoid them contacting with your baby’s skin. Opt for unscented moisturizer and unscented mild soap/cleansers formulated specifically for sensitive or Eczema-prone skin.
Prior to that, you may want to try some experiment to know what works for your kids. Your GP or pharmacist can give you advice on what skin care products you can purchase.
2. Use The Right Eczema Cream
Treating Eczema depends on its severity. Generally, flaring patches are treated through corticosteroid cream. This is effective but you should apply it appropriately because once overuse, it could result to skin thinning and other detrimental side effects.
In using creams, you should use it only on the affected skin areas, one or two times every day. Avoid creams which contains parabens, dyes, or fragrance.
Unless directed otherwise by the physician, follow the instruction on the leaflet that comes with the cream. Apparently, avoid using strong steroid. Hydrocortisone 1% is safe.
3. Identify If Food Allergy Triggers Eczema
Irritants aren’t the only thing to blame every time Eczema is involved. In some cases, food allergens can also aggravate your skin condition. Peanuts, eggs, wheat, milk, tree nuts, fish and soy are the typical food allergens.
This may range from mild down to life-threatening severity. Food allergy symptoms include hives, itching/swelling of throat, lips, or tongue, difficulty in breathing, vomiting, and lowered blood pressure.
So, if you’ve found out that your infant or kids they are allergic to these foods, triggering Eczema, immediately remove these from their diet. To ensure their safety, consult a good allergist. They can help identify whether you need a food allergy testing or not. Additionally, they can help interpret properly the results.
4. Don’t Overheat Everything
People who suffer from Eczema will experience that prickly heat sensation as soon as start sweating or gets too hot. This often occurs when you move around wearing too many fabrics or if you quickly transfer from an extreme temperature to another (hot to cold).
Likewise, during cold season, there’s the possibility that your skin will become too dry, resulting to an Eczema flare-up.
Therefore, it is recommended to let kids with Eczema to wear lightweight and comfortable clothes. Fabrics like wool are too scratchy and heavy. Layering is also not a good choice as it can cause overheating.
5. Minimize scratching
As simple as it may seem, it’s not that easy to follow this instruction. You need to find a way how to get your kid with Eczema to listen on you. If not, scratching will make the condition worse, more than you’ve imagined. This can cause cuts in your skin which can eventually become an infection.
To stop scratching, you can use wet wraps. Apply this before they go to bed. A cold compress can lessen the itch too. Use a damp and cold cloth.
With that, hold this compress into the skin of your child for a couple of minutes every time you need to alleviate the itching. Do this repeatedly if necessary.
6. Use The Power Of Moisturizer
Whether your kid experience scaly rash or mild redness from head to toe, choose a good moisturizer you can apply after their bath time. These moisturizers, otherwise known as emollients, replace missing lipids as well as protect the skin against external irritants. But be very careful in choosing moisturizers as they sting children who have severe skin conditions.
You need to experiment with wide variety of brands to know what is effective and what’s not. When your kid complains about its greasiness, an OTC cream can do better. This contain a natural oil known as ceramide.
Moisturizer must be used also instead of soap/detergents. Not only that, it must be used for bathing purposes on a regular basis. Through bathing, it cleanses and greases your skin.
An excellent moisturizer can be prepared by diluting two spoonful of mixed ointment in a hot water. Whisk it up and add it on your bath water. Frequent bathing with moisturizer/emollients is significant to help lessen the chance of secondary bacterial infection which is a common problem in atopic Eczema.
7. Probiotics Can Also Help
Recently, a meta-analysis and review were discussed in Allergy journal. It figured out that adding probiotics into the diet of early infants and pregnant women could prevent this skin condition from happening. Often utilized as an alternative medicine for baby Eczema, probiotics is a specific type of beneficial bacteria.
Through probiotic supplements, it can lessen inflammation and protect immune system. These are sold in several natural-food and specialty stores. Additionally, these can be found in different culture dairy products like kefir and yogurt.
8. Count On Antibiotics
Most probably, Staphylococcus aureus resides on your baby’s skin with Eczema. The pads that was taken from the Eczema and then cultured in the clinical lab will demonstrate a drastic growth of this bacteria in more than 90% cases.
When the density of infection in Staph. aureus increases, it will act now as a potent trigger for flare-ups. You can easily determine if there’s already an infection once the child’s Eczema is too tender and gained a yellowish crust.
For localized infection, it can be cured through a combine preparation of topical antibiotic. Take note that it is essential that you administer this topical preparation exactly as what the prescription indicated. Restrict using them to not more than two weeks.
9. Say no to environmental allergens
Dust mites, animal dander, pollens, and moulds are just few examples of environmental allergens. And these allergen types can also trigger infant Eczema once your kids are highly exposed to them. So, if you know your kids are allergic to these environmental factors, reduce their exposure right away.
10. If necessary, utilize skin medication
For some children, moisturizing and bathing regularly is not enough. They need a treatment plan that often includes medicated ointment/cream which calms their skin’s immune system while it controls irritation.
There are wide selection of skin medication designed specifically for baby Eczema, each of them have different advantages. The advantage of the prescribed medication must fit what the area needs.
Say for instance, a kid has one prescribed medication for the elbow and another one for the face. With this, discuss everything with your doctor especially if you have questions to ensure you’re doing the right thing.
Always follow your treatment plan as per your doctor’s instruction. This will allow your child get the best possible benefits from their skin medication.
True to a parent’s form – a number of questions run through your head all at once. How will you protect your baby’s sensitive skin from Eczema? Would that treatment be too harsh for your little baby? Would it be safe to risk it?
Do not to let these fears stop you from experiencing the magic of parenting. Babies are only young once, and we want them – as we want you – to live a childhood full of loving memories they can hold on to as they grow older.
With the above-mentioned treatment, you’ve finally found the protection your baby needs!